Social Work Practice
-by Marion Bogo

Integrating Concepts, Processes, and Skills

Image by Susan Wilkinson

Chapter 3- Learning to Practice

Important take away concepts and ideas from this chapter


A social worker's competence will develop over time through continuous learning efforts therefore it is very important to keep an open mind and have a learning mindset for ongoing professional development.

Student Anxiety

Deconstructing and analyzing usual ways of thinking and operating can result in anxiety and questioning one's self and self-esteem or self-doubt issues, especially in social work students. This experience is recognized as a normal stage of professional learning.

Kolb's cycle

Kolb describes four major modes of learning: Concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization, and active experimentation. These stages are not sequential.

Deliberate practice

In order to achieve expertise in an area, one must perform with focus and receive specific feedback from a coach. The importance of engaging with deliberate practice in  psychotherapy is very important and empirically supported.

Compassion fatigue

Feelings of stress that is experienced by those people who are treating individuals with trauma background

Vicarious traumatization

Feelings of trauma and unsettlement through working with clients who came from traumatic backgrounds or were traumatized by certain life events.


Purposeful strategies to engage with to prevent burnout, emotional exhaustion or flooding, cynicism and help to protect "the empathetic presence, commitment, energy, and interest"

-Developing Physical Well-Being

-Developing Psychological and Emotional Well-Being

-Religiosity and Development of Spiritual Well-Being

-Primary Relationships

-Contact, Teams and Supervision

-The Match Between Individual Needs and Organizational Context

The Integration of Theory and Practice (ITP) Loop Model

"A process to review thoughts, attitudes, values, feelings that affect what social workers do in practice."

"It is a cumulative, ongoing, and repeated act of thinking about a practice situation."

Retrieval - Recalling the facts about a practice situation, using a person-in-environment framework or ecological-systems perspective. The social worker can also retrieve bio-psychosocial information using individual models, family systems models, or anti-oppressive models.

Reflection - is the process after the interview where the social worker takes a look back at it and analyzes her own cognitive, affective processes, identify and manage implicit and explicit biases in the process.


Linkage -is an iterative process that the social worker uses facts and practice situations, while she draws and uses her professional knowledge to guide their practice, such as the theories they use, the intervention plan they create.

Professional Response - is the plan based on the linkage process and knowledge base and it is intentional. The social worker's assumptions, understandings, explanations, and hypotheses from the assessment will lead to the professional response and the intervention plan.

Strengths perspective